1.1 This Report comprises the final step by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) in the Inquiry into Commonwealth legal barriers to older persons participating in the workforce or other productive work. The Inquiry was initiated under Terms of Reference from the then Attorney-General of Australia, the Hon Nicola Roxon MP, issued in March 2012. This chapter provides a snapshot of the background to the Inquiry, its scope and the processes of reform leading to this Report and its 36 recommendations.