Key terms

Criminal Law:

the law that deals with people who have committed a crime or are suspected of having committed a crime.


an adult who has custody of a child has the responsibility to make decisions concerning the daily care and control of that child.

Defence lawyer:

the lawyer who represents the accused person.

Family Law:

the law that deals with problems when relationships breakdown including decisions relating to children such as who the children will live with.

International Law:

the law that deals with relations between different countries, including agreements on human rights.


makes decisions about matters which are brought before a lower court such as a local court.

Notice of court attendance:

a document that tells people they have to appear in court.


when prisoners are released before completing their sentence on the promise that they will not misbehave.


when people are sentenced to prison but the judge agrees not to send them to prison if they promise they will not misbehave or break the law.


a person who leaves his or her country to escape a threat or danger.


the decision of a court about how a person will be punished for committing a crime.


like a notice of court attendance (see above).


a written agreement between the governments of two or more countries.


a formal document allowing a citizen from one country to enter another country.