16.04.2021

Conceptions of Judicial Impartiality in Theory and Practice (JI4)

This background paper provides an overview of scholarship and commentary on judicial impartiality, summarising the common conceptual understandings of judicial impartiality and the interactions of these conceptions with the practical exercise of judgecraft in Australia. It forms the basis for understanding some of the underlying tensions raised in a series of background papers that explore

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30.03.2021

The Federal Judiciary – the Inquiry in Context (JI3)

This background paper provides an overview of the composition of the federal judiciary; the jurisdiction of the Commonwealth courts; the workload of those courts; and the frequency of complaints against judicial officers (noting that such complaints may not necessarily be in relation to an allegation of impartiality or bias). It also gives a preliminary analysis

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30.03.2021

Recusal and self-disqualification (JI2)

This background paper is focused on the practical matter of how courts manage claims (and the potential for claims) by litigants that the judicial officer deciding their matter is, or might appear to be, biased. This is one in a series of background papers produced by the Australian Law Reform Commission as part of its Review

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14.12.2020

The law on judicial bias: A primer (JI1)

This background paper provides an introductory summary and overview of key aspects of the law on judicial bias as it relates to the Australian federal judiciary. This is one in a series of background papers produced by the Australian Law Reform Commission as part of its Review of Judicial Impartiality. In April 2021, the ALRC will

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